In 1984, Richard M. Stallman started The GNU Project. He wanted to release a free and modifiable operating system. He started this job with a large group of volunteers from the Free Software Foundation, ultimately to result. Soon they released several free software products on the market including a free text editor and compiler gcc (useful for programmers). The primary objective of these group was creating a free operating system. They have made to ensure the success of the Linux operating system.
Linus Torvalds, a professional computer scientist, is considered the inventor of Linux. In 1991, Linus wanted an operating system for his computer, but the various commercial packages (Windows, Mac etc) were too expensive for him. This is why he chose the Minix operating system. This did not reach his demands, so he decided to create his own operating system. He released the first version. It did not work so well and was previously a fun toy for hackers and programmers. After a while he managed to bring an effective system. This functioned only as a kernel. A kernel makes the hardware and software work together. The kernel was modified by other programmers so that the GNU software would work there. Therefore, the operating system Linux is often called GNU / Linux. In 1992 and 1993 it grew into a fully functioning Linux kernel and received increasing attention. Soon, several companies were interested in the operating system and with all modifications made, he began to develop. Since version 1.0, released in the year 1994, the kernel is further improved and stabilized and is now used by several companies. Especially on Linux servers it is very popular. Thus, the company has less than one hundred thousand Google servers that run Linux.
A distribution consists of a set of basic applications, libraries and the Linux kernel together with several installers. In this way it is a well-functioning system. Such a distribution can be purchased from various commercial companies.
Linux is mainly used as a server system because it is much cheaper than Windows. (Often free) know Linux still has no strong position. This is because many new computers are sold with the Windows operating system. For many computer users, this system is therefore more familiar and also works with more programs.
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